What is Bibliometrics?
The branch of library science concerned with the application of mathematical and statistical analysis to bibliography; the statistical analysis of books, articles, or other publications. (see definition in Oxford English Dictionary Online)
Bibliometric measures are data about publications, or citation frequency.
Scientometrics is the branch of information science concerned with the application of bibliometrics to the study of the spread of scientific ideas; the bibliometric analysis of science. (see definition in Oxford English Dictionary Online)
Who should care about Bibliometrics?
Students, faculty, and researchers alike have good reason to learn more about Bibliometrics.
Bibliometrics can affect
-Expertise status in the field
-Finding others in the field/subject area (using citation searching)
Questions such as these can be answered using Bibliometrics:
"What are the best journals in the field of Electrical Engineering?"
"Who is citing my articles? How many times have I been cited?"
"How do I know this article is important?"
"In which journal should I publish?"
Journal impact tools and measures
Journal Citation Reports (Thomson Reuters)
- [# of citations in a year]/[total # of articles published in 2 previous years]
- Eugene Garfield, 1950s
Article Influence (uses Thomson Reuters citation data; in Journal Citation Reports or at http://www.eigenfactor.org)
Eigenfactor (uses Thomson Reuters citation data; in Journal Citation Reports or at http://www.eigenfactor.org)
Journal Analyzer (uses Elsevier citation data; in Scopus)
SNIP & SJR @ Journalmetrics.com by Elsevier
h index (used in many citation trackers including Web of Science, Google Scholar, Scopus)
Jorge Hirsche, 2005
Based on author's years active as well as number of citations of specific articles
Example: h score of 10 = at least 10 articles cited at least 10 times each
g index (used in Publish or Perish, Microsoft Academic Search, elsewhere)
Leo Egghe, 2006
Adds weight to heavily-cited articles in h-index metric
Graphic representations of data
|The Scopus database helps you quickly display graphics representing the breakdown of the types of scholarly publishing being done by professors and researchers at Stevens.|
Reference and Research Services
Samuel C. Williams Library
Stevens Institute of Technology
Special thanks to Robin Kear, Reference & Instruction Librarian at the University of Pittsburgh, for her generous permission to use her ideas & material to help me construct parts of this guide.